GENDER MARKERS RELATED TO FAMILY MEMBERS, FRIENDS AND PROFESSIONS:
As mentioned in the Family lesson notes, nouns not relating to family have no base gender:
amiko: a male or female friend
dentisto: a male or female dentist
In these cases, you may choose to explicitly make a noun feminine by adding -in:
amikino = a female friend
dentistino = a female dentist
Choosing to do this is more common in Europe than in the US, probably due to differences between English and various European languages. In this course, we will not routinely present the feminine form of professions. However your responses using the feminine form when appropriate will be accepted as correct.
STUDENTO AND LERNANTO
Studento - a student enrolled in a college or university, or an adult learner.
Lernanto - a pupil, a student in a primary school, middle school or high school.
Fariĝi (to become) contains the -iĝ affix so nouns following it do not take the -n ending, as they are not considered direct objects. We will learn more about the -iĝ affix in later lessons.
Ŝajnas ke... means "It seems that..."