Thứ Năm, 10 tháng 9, 2015

Plurals

PLURALS

To make a word plural, always add -j, so hundo (dog) turns into hundoj (dogs), and granda (big) turns into grandaj (the plural form of big). 
Note that, contrary to English, adjectives always take the plural form when they refer to more than one object/person/concept.
Examples
Men are handsome.
Viroj estas belaj.

The man and the woman are beautiful.
La viro kaj la virino estas belaj.
(because belaj refers to both la viro and la virino)

Big cats catch pretty birds.
Grandaj katoj kaptas belajn birdojn.

Pronunciation
-oj is pronounced like the English oy, and the pronunciation of -aj is like the English eye.

NUMBERS

Unlike adjectives and nouns, the cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc.) do not take -j (plural) or -n (accusative) endings.


I have three apples.
Mi havas tri pomojn.

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