Thứ Sáu, 11 tháng 9, 2015

Possessives

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Possessive pronouns are words like "my" and "your" in English. Unlike in English, these words are completely regular in Esperanto. Just add -a to the end of a pronoun to turn it into its possessive form.


Like other adjectives the possessives also take the -j (plural) and -n (accusative) ending when required.

Your bears drink my beer.
Viaj ursoj trinkas mian bieron.

KIO, TIO

Kio = what or what thing.
Tio = that or that thing.

Because kio and tio always refer to something indefinite, they never take the ending -j (plural), but take the ending -n (accusative) if they refer to a direct object.

What is that?
Kio estas tio?

What are you eating?
Kion vi manĝas?

We are eating that.
Ni manĝas tion.

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