Thứ Hai, 5 tháng 10, 2015

Imperative

IMPERATIVE: THE -U ENDING

The -u ending is used when ordering/ inviting someone else to do something or when telling or suggesting to ourselves what to do!


IMPERATIVE + INFINITIVE

An imperative may be followed by an infinitive:
Bonvolu manĝi! Please eat!
(NOT: Bonvolu manĝu. Do not use two imperatives one after the other in that way).

QUESTIONS WITH -U

In questions, the -u ending generally means "shall":
Ĉu ni iru? Shall we go?
Ĉu mi legu tiun libron? Shall I read that book?

THE -U ENDING IN SUBORDINATE PHRASES

We also use the -u ending in subordinate phrases (clauses) starting with ke, when the verb in the preceding, main part of the sentence expresses a want, desire, demand or preference:


This grammatical usage is also called the "subjunctive".

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