Thứ Ba, 29 tháng 12, 2015

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COMPOUND WORDS

Combining two words to make a new word is very common in Esperanto. The vowel ending of the first word may be dropped, or it may be retained if that makes the word easier to pronounce:


Also note that a hyphen may be added:
Esperanto + klubo = Esperantoklubo or Esperanto-klubo.

PURIGI

Pur-ig-i means to clean (to make something clean), and comes from the adjective pura (clean). We will learn more about the affix -ig in future modules.

MANĜILARO

This is an example of a word with two affixes, and illustrates how easy and straightforward it is to build words in Esperanto:
Manĝ + -il + -aro =manĝilaro
Eat + tool + group = silverware

LOĜI AND VIVI



English speakers usually use the verb “to live” for both meanings. However you should aim to make the distinction and use loĝi and vivi correctly in Esperanto, so that you will be reliably understood.

MEM

Mem means [my,your,his,her]-self, or [our, them]-selves.
It is used for emphasis:


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